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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Role and regulation of interleukin (IL)-2 receptor alpha and beta chains in IL-2-driven B-cell growth.

Substantial proportions of resting B cells constitutively express low levels of IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) alpha and/or beta chains. The expression of these chains is differentially regulated by anti-IgM and IL-2/IL-4. The anti-IgM induces IL-2R alpha chain expression, whereas each of the two cytokines induces IL-2R beta chain expression in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, IL-2 induces the growth of B cells, when the cells were pretreated with IL-2 or IL-4 for 24 h. The magnitude of this IL-2-driven B-cell growth depends upon the level of IL-2R beta chain expression. Costimulation of the B cells with IL-2 and anti-IgM shifts the dose-response curve, and the cells proliferate at an IL-2 concentration as low as 40 pM. These results indicate that the levels of anti-IgM-induced IL-2R alpha chain and IL-2- induced IL-2R beta chain determine the sensitivity of the cells to IL-2.[1]

References

  1. Role and regulation of interleukin (IL)-2 receptor alpha and beta chains in IL-2-driven B-cell growth. Nakanishi, K., Hirose, S., Yoshimoto, T., Ishizashi, H., Hiroishi, K., Tanaka, T., Kono, T., Miyasaka, M., Taniguchi, T., Higashino, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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