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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of recombinant IGF binding protein-1 on primary cultures of human keratinocytes and fibroblasts: selective enhancement of IGF-1 but not IGF-2-induced cell proliferation.

The present report describes the mitogenic effect of recombinant IGF-2 on cultured human keratinocytes and fibroblasts compared to that of IGF-1. Furthermore, the modulating effect of a recently expressed recombinant form of placental-derived IGF-binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) on IGF-induced proliferation was examined. A dose-dependent increase, up to 100%, in cell proliferation was seen in cultured human keratinocytes with IGF-2 and -1 and the proliferative response was comparable to the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF). In human fibroblasts, IGF-1 stimulated DNA synthesis up to 300% for IGF-1 and up to 200% for IGF-2. The mitogenic effect of IGF-1 was enhanced by IGFBP-1 in both cell types. In contrast, the IGF-2-induced mitogenic effect was unperturbed. These findings indicate that the interaction between IGFs and their binding proteins may induce different responses depending upon the ligand and the target cell.[1]


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