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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chinese hamster cell variants resistant to the A chain of ricin carry altered ribosome function.

Ricin, a toxic lectin from Ricinus communis, is composed of two different polypeptide chains, A and B, and the ricin A chain (RA) blocks protein synthesis. We studied cell lines resistant to cytotoxic action of RA. One low-RA-resistant cell line, AR10, isolated from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, was resistant to a low dose of RA (1 microgram/ml) and showed a 10-fold-higher resistance to RA and ricin than that of CHO. We further mutagenized AR10 to isolate high-RA-resistant cell lines AR100-6, AR100-9, and AR100-13, which were resistant to higher doses of RA and ricin (100- to 1,000-fold) than CHO was. The binding of [125I]ricin to AR10, AR100-6, AR100-9, and AR100-13 cells was decreased to about 30% of that of CHO. The internalization of [125I]ricin in AR10 cells and in the high-RA-resistant clones was the same. Polyuridylate-dependent polyphenylalanine synthesis, using S-30 extracts from either AR100-9 or AR100-13, was about 100-fold more resistant to the inhibitory action of RA than when CHO, AR10, and AR100-6 cells extracts were used. The protein synthesis with ribosomes (80S) from AR100-9 or AR100-13 was 10- to 100-fold more resistant to RA than it was with parental ribosomes when combined with the S-100 fraction of CHO cells. The polyphenylalanine synthesis assay using the ribosomes constituted from the 60S subunit of AR100-9 and the 40S subunit of CHO indicated that the resistant phenotype of AR100-9 cells is due to an alteration of the 60S ribosomal subunit.[1]


  1. Chinese hamster cell variants resistant to the A chain of ricin carry altered ribosome function. Ono, M., Kuwano, M., Watanabe, K., Funatsu, G. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1982) [Pubmed]
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