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Free-beam and contact laser soft-tissue ablation in urology.

The ablation of tissue by laser has several applications in urology. Most of the published research has been concerned with the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Other applications studied include superficial upper- and lower-tract transitional-cell carcinoma, urethral and ureteral strictures, ureteropelvic junction stenosis, and posterior urethral valves. The attraction of laser ablation for the treatment of BPH lies with the decreased morbidity in comparison with standard transurethral electrocautery resection of the prostate and the ability to remove tissue immediately and therefore allow a more rapid progression to catheter removal and early voiding. The three main laser wavelengths used in urology for tissue ablation are the neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet when used with contact tips or high-density power settings, the potassium-titanyl-phosphate, and the holmium:YAG. This article reviews the published literature on the use of these laser wavelengths in soft-tissue ablation, focusing on the treatment of BPH.[1]


  1. Free-beam and contact laser soft-tissue ablation in urology. Tan, A.H., Gilling, P.J. J. Endourol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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