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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine initiates the appearance of a well-resolved I peak in the kinetics of chlorophyll fluorescence rise in isolated thylakoids.

Addition of N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylendiamine (TMPD) to thylakoid membranes isolated from pea leaves initiates the appearance of peak I in the polyphasic rise of chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence observed during strong illumination, making it similar to that observed in leaves or intact chloroplasts. This effect depends on TMPD concentration and incubation period of isolated thylakoids with TMPD. The resolution of I-peak in the presence of weak concentrations of TMPD which reduced the overlap between I- and P-peaks, resulted from a decreased reduction of both fast and slow plastoquinone (PQ) pools of the granal and stromal thylakoids, respectively, as TMPD effectively accepts electrons from reduced PQ. High concentrations of TMPD markedly decreased the J-I-P phase of fluorescence rise and greatly retarded the I-P step rise. Accumulation of oxidized TMPD in the thylakoid lumen accelerated the re-oxidation of the acceptor side of Photosystem II (PSII) as illustrated by a two-fold increase in the magnitude of the fast component and complete suppression of the middle component of the variable Chl fluorescence (F(v)) decay in the dark. Evidently, exogenous addition of high concentrations of TMPD prevented the light-induced reduction of the slow PQ pool.[1]

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