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Chemical Compound Review

AC1L97QT     2,3-dimethyl-5-(3,7,11- trimethyldodeca-2,6...

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Disease relevance of Plastoquinone


High impact information on Plastoquinone


Chemical compound and disease context of Plastoquinone


Biological context of Plastoquinone

  • Changes in binding of herbicides and QB to D1 as a result of the mutations revealed specific interactions between amino acid residues in D1 and the plastoquinone and distinguished between the binding sites of QB and herbicides [13].
  • On the basis of these experimental results, we propose a model for a light intensity signaling system where cab gene expression is reversibly repressed by a phosphorylated factor coupled to the redox status of plastoquinone through a chloroplast protein kinase [14].
  • Flash-induced kinetics of the redox changes of Cyt b and of the formation of a transmembrane potential have been measured in Chlorella sorokiniana cells incubated in reducing conditions that induce a full reduction of the plastoquinone pool [15].
  • Three pseudorevertants isolated from the delta YNIV246-9 mutant contained a duplication (7-15 codons) of the DNA sequence immediately downstream of the deletion; the protein region encoded by this DNA may include part of the putative de helix, an important constituent of the plastoquinone-binding niche [3].
  • The apg1 plants lacked plastoquinone (PQ), suggesting that the APG1 protein is involved in the methylation step of PQ biosynthesis, which is localized at the envelope membrane [16].

Anatomical context of Plastoquinone


Associations of Plastoquinone with other chemical compounds


Gene context of Plastoquinone


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Plastoquinone


  1. Identification of a functional respiratory complex in chloroplasts through analysis of tobacco mutants containing disrupted plastid ndh genes. Burrows, P.A., Sazanov, L.A., Svab, Z., Maliga, P., Nixon, P.J. EMBO J. (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. Highly divergent methyltransferases catalyze a conserved reaction in tocopherol and plastoquinone synthesis in cyanobacteria and photosynthetic eukaryotes. Cheng, Z., Sattler, S., Maeda, H., Sakuragi, Y., Bryant, D.A., DellaPenna, D. Plant Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Tandem sequence duplications functionally complement deletions in the D1 protein of photosystem II. Kless, H., Vermaas, W. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Recruitment of a foreign quinone into the A1 site of photosystem I. Characterization of a menB rubA double deletion mutant in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 devoid of FX, FA, and FB and containing plastoquinone or exchanged 9,10-anthraquinone. Sakuragi, Y., Zybailov, B., Shen, G., Bryant, D.A., Golbeck, J.H., Diner, B.A., Karygina, I., Pushkar, Y., Stehlik, D. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. The chloroplast Ndh complex mediates the dark reduction of the plastoquinone pool in response to heat stress in tobacco leaves. Sazanov, L.A., Burrows, P.A., Nixon, P.J. FEBS Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Transmembrane traffic in the cytochrome b6f complex. Cramer, W.A., Zhang, H., Yan, J., Kurisu, G., Smith, J.L. Annu. Rev. Biochem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. PGR5 is involved in cyclic electron flow around photosystem I and is essential for photoprotection in Arabidopsis. Munekage, Y., Hojo, M., Meurer, J., Endo, T., Tasaka, M., Shikanai, T. Cell (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. Transient inactivation of the thylakoid photosystem II light-harvesting protein kinase system and concomitant changes in intramembrane particle size during photoinhibition of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Schuster, G., Dewit, M., Staehelin, L.A., Ohad, I. J. Cell Biol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  9. Correlation between changes in light energy distribution and changes in thylakoid membrane polypeptide phosphorylation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Wollman, F.A., Delepelaire, P. J. Cell Biol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  10. Photosynthetic electron transport regulates the expression of cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase genes in Arabidopsis during excess light stress. Karpinski, S., Escobar, C., Karpinska, B., Creissen, G., Mullineaux, P.M. Plant Cell (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. The hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 is not required for plastoquinone biosynthesis. Dähnhardt, D., Falk, J., Appel, J., van der Kooij, T.A., Schulz-Friedrich, R., Krupinska, K. FEBS Lett. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Bleaching herbicide norflurazon inhibits phytoene desaturase by competition with the cofactors. Breitenbach, J., Zhu, C., Sandmann, G. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. Mutations in the D1 subunit of photosystem II distinguish between quinone and herbicide binding sites. Ohad, N., Hirschberg, J. Plant Cell (1992) [Pubmed]
  14. Light intensity regulation of cab gene transcription is signaled by the redox state of the plastoquinone pool. Escoubas, J.M., Lomas, M., LaRoche, J., Falkowski, P.G. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Mechanism of electron transfer in the cytochrome b/f complex of algae: evidence for a semiquinone cycle. Joliot, P., Joliot, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
  16. Functional analysis of the 37 kDa inner envelope membrane polypeptide in chloroplast biogenesis using a Ds-tagged Arabidopsis pale-green mutant. Motohashi, R., Ito, T., Kobayashi, M., Taji, T., Nagata, N., Asami, T., Yoshida, S., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K., Shinozaki, K. Plant J. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. Biosynthesis of ubiquinone and plastoquinone in the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi membranes of spinach leaves. Swiezewska, E., Dallner, G., Andersson, B., Ernster, L. J. Biol. Chem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  18. Chlororespiration and poising of cyclic electron transport. Plastoquinone as electron transporter between thylakoid NADH dehydrogenase and peroxidase. Casano, L.M., Zapata, J.M., Martín, M., Sabater, B. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Location, expression and orientation of the putative chlororespiratory enzymes, Ndh and IMMUTANS, in higher-plant plastids. Lennon, A.M., Prommeenate, P., Nixon, P.J. Planta (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. High-intensity-light-dependent and transient expression of new genes encoding distant relatives of light-harvesting chlorophyll-a/b proteins in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Teramoto, H., Itoh, T., Ono, T.A. Plant Cell Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  21. Influence of the redox state of ubiquinones and plastoquinones on the order of lipid bilayers studied by fluorescence anisotropy of diphenylhexatriene and trimethylammonium diphenylhexatriene. Skowronek, M., Jemioła-Rzemińska, M., Kruk, J., Strzałka, K. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1996) [Pubmed]
  22. Genetic dissection of carotenoid synthesis in arabidopsis defines plastoquinone as an essential component of phytoene desaturation. Norris, S.R., Barrette, T.R., DellaPenna, D. Plant Cell (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Plastoglobules are lipoprotein subcompartments of the chloroplast that are permanently coupled to thylakoid membranes and contain biosynthetic enzymes. Austin, J.R., Frost, E., Vidi, P.A., Kessler, F., Staehelin, L.A. Plant Cell (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. Activation/deactivation cycle of redox-controlled thylakoid protein phosphorylation. Role of plastoquinol bound to the reduced cytochrome bf complex. Vener, A.V., Van Kan, P.J., Gal, A., Andersson, B., Ohad, I. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  25. Towards structural determination of the water-splitting enzyme. Purification, crystallization, and preliminary crystallographic studies of photosystem II from a thermophilic cyanobacterium. Kuhl, H., Kruip, J., Seidler, A., Krieger-Liszkay, A., Bunker, M., Bald, D., Scheidig, A.J., Rögner, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Complementation of the Arabidopsis pds1 mutation with the gene encoding p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase. Norris, S.R., Shen, X., DellaPenna, D. Plant Physiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  27. Sequences required for the activity of PTOX (IMMUTANS), a plastid terminal oxidase: in vitro and in planta mutagenesis of iron-binding sites and a conserved sequence that corresponds to Exon 8. Fu, A., Park, S., Rodermel, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. Photosynthetic electron transport determines nitrate reductase gene expression and activity in higher plants. Sherameti, I., Sopory, S.K., Trebicka, A., Pfannschmidt, T., Oelmuller, R. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Isolation and functional analysis of homogentisate phytyltransferase from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and Arabidopsis. Collakova, E., DellaPenna, D. Plant Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. Influences on tocopherol biosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Backasch, N., Schulz-Friedrich, R., Appel, J. J. Plant Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. A time-resolved FTIR difference study of the plastoquinone QA and redox-active tyrosine YZ interactions in photosystem II. Zhang, H., Razeghifard, M.R., Fischer, G., Wydrzynski, T. Biochemistry (1997) [Pubmed]
  32. Reduced content of the quinone acceptor QA in photosystem II complexes isolated from thylakoid membranes after prolonged photoinhibition under anaerobic conditions. Koivuniemi, A., Swiezewska, E., Aro, E.M., Styring, S., Andersson, B. FEBS Lett. (1993) [Pubmed]
  33. Carotene desaturation is linked to a respiratory redox pathway in Narcissus pseudonarcissus chromoplast membranes. Involvement of a 23-kDa oxygen-evolving-complex-like protein. Nievelstein, V., Vandekerchove, J., Tadros, M.H., Lintig, J.V., Nitschke, W., Beyer, P. Eur. J. Biochem. (1995) [Pubmed]
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