The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TIMP-2 is released as an intact molecule following binding to MT1-MMP on the cell surface.

Binding of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) to pro-MMP-2 and mature membrane type-1 MMP (MT1-MMP) on the cell surface is required for activation of MMP-2. It has been reported that following binding to cell surface receptors, TIMP-2 undergoes endocytosis and extensive degradation in lysosomes. The purpose of this study was to reexamine the fate of TIMP-2 following binding to transfected HT1080 cell surface MT1-MMP at 4 degrees C. Following 37 degrees C incubation, 125I-TIMP-2 release, endocytosis, and degradation were characterized under varying conditions. More than 85% of the total 125I-TIMP-2 bound to cells was released as intact functional molecules; <15% was degraded. Transfection of HT1080 cells with dominant negative mutant dynamin cDNA resulted in delayed endocytosis and release of 125I-TIMP-2 from cells. Pharmacologic agents that induce clustering of cell surface receptors (concanavalin A) and interfere with endosomal/lysosomal function (bafilomycin A(1)) resulted in enhanced binding of 125I-TIMP-2 to cell surface receptors. Abrogation of activation of proMT1-MMP with a furin inhibitor prevented binding and endocytosis of 125I-TIMP-2. Biotinylation of cell surface MT1-MMP followed by Western blotting confirmed the presence of mature MT1-MMP on the cell surface and degraded MT1-MMP in the intracellular compartment. In conclusion, these studies demonstrate that TIMP-2 is released from cells primarily as an intact functional molecule following binding to MT1-MMP on the cell surface.[1]


  1. TIMP-2 is released as an intact molecule following binding to MT1-MMP on the cell surface. Zucker, S., Hymowitz, M., Conner, C., DeClerck, Y., Cao, J. Exp. Cell Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities