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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P450s as a source of active oxygen species in DNA-oxidation.

We investigated the biological effects of the active oxygen produced by P450s. First, we identified which isoforms of P450 efficiently produced active oxygen using electron spin resonance. Eight forms of P450 purified from rat liver were used. Of these, CYP1A2, 2B1, 2C11 and 3A2 produced hydroxyl radicals efficiently. Phenobarbital (PB) which is a typical inducer of CYP2B1 and 3A2 induced production of hydroxyl radicals by rat liver and ketoconazole, an inhibitor of P450, inhibited production of hydroxyl radicals in vitro. PB is a tumor promoter as well as the P450-inducer. We investigated oxidation of the genomic DNA by the hydroxyl radicals produced by PB-inducible P450 in vitro and in vivo. 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a biomarker of DNA oxidation in vivo was assayed by HPLC. PB strongly induced the production of 8-OHdG in the rat liver. While ketoconazole inhibited the production of 8-OHdG in vivo. These results suggest that active oxygen produced by P450 oxidized genomic DNA and induction of P450 increased oxidative stress that may contribute to tumor initiation and promotion.[1]


  1. Role of phenobarbital-inducible cytochrome P450s as a source of active oxygen species in DNA-oxidation. Imaoka, S., Osada, M., Minamiyama, Y., Yukimura, T., Toyokuni, S., Takemura, S., Hiroi, T., Funae, Y. Cancer Lett. (2004) [Pubmed]
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