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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and regulation of novel human beta-defensins in gingival keratinocytes.

This study evaluated the expression and regulation of beta-defensins DEFB-104 and the recently identified DEFB-105-14 in gingival keratinocytes. Keratinocytes from healthy subjects were exposed to cytokines, Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide or Candida species. Total RNA was extracted and defensin expression analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Three patterns of expression were seen: no expression, constitutive expression and inducible expression. Constitutive mRNA expression was evident for DEFB-104, 107, 109, 111, and 112. DEFB-108 and 114 were induced by interleukin (IL)-1beta and Candida species. For DEFB-108 expression, synergism was observed when IL-1beta was combined with tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interferon-gamma. Downregulation of DEFB-109 occurred following treatment with Candida albicans. These findings suggest a role for multiple beta-defensins in response to oral infection. Further investigation is needed to better understand their function, both in terms of antimicrobial activities and contributions to innate and acquired immunity.[1]


  1. Expression and regulation of novel human beta-defensins in gingival keratinocytes. Premratanachai, P., Joly, S., Johnson, G.K., McCray, P.B., Jia, H.P., Guthmiller, J.M. Oral Microbiol. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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