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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The ability of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 to suppress NFkappaB can be inhibited by dominant negative mutant of SIRPalpha.

In contrast with hematopoietic cells and fibroblasts, which express mainly one form of protein tyrosine phosphatase ( PTP) SHP-1 or SHP-2, epithelial cells like A431, HeLa, and 293 express both forms of PTP. These two PTP regulate NFkappaB activity differently; SHP-1 inhibits and SHP-2 stimulates NFkappaB activation. In epithelial cells the process of NFkappaB activation depends on the combination of two PTP activities. The activity of PTP SHP-1 dominates in this tandem according to our data. The signal regulatory protein (SIRPalpha) is the adapter and the substrate of PTP SHP-1 and SHP-2. We investigated the role of SIRPalpha and its dominant negative mutant in PTP activities in 293 cells. The overexpression of wild-type SIRPalpha suppresses the activities of both PTP, but has a stronger effect on PTP SHP-2, especially when this protein is overexpressed in 293 cells. In contrast with wild-type SIRPalpha, its dominant negative mutant acts predominantly against PTP SHP-1, and can be detected in the complex with PTP SHP-1. The expression of dominant negative mutant of SIRPalpha has an effect similar to the expression of dominant negative PTP SHP-1 in the process of NFkappaB activation.[1]

References

  1. The ability of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 to suppress NFkappaB can be inhibited by dominant negative mutant of SIRPalpha. Neznanov, N., Neznanova, L., Kondratov, R.V., O'Rourke, D.M., Ullrich, A., Gudkov, A.V. DNA Cell Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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