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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhaled nitric oxide affects endogenous surfactant in experimental lung transplantation.

BACKGROUND: Inhalation of nitric oxide (NO) has been proposed as a therapy to improve lung transplantation outcome. We investigated the effect that inhaled NO has on the surfactant system in the context of ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Single left-lung transplantation was performed in weight-matched pairs of Landrace pigs. A double-lung block from the donor animal was flushed with University of Wisconsin solution at 4 degrees C followed by immersion in cold University of Wisconsin solution for 22 hr. The left donor lung was transplanted into the recipient. Recipients were divided into two groups: (1) treated with inhaled NO (40 ppm) (n=6) immediately after initiating lung reperfusion and (2) without treatment (n=6). Lung function was measured during 2 hr of reperfusion. Surfactant components in small and large aggregates, isolated from cell-free bronchoalveolar lavages, and surfactant function were measured. RESULTS: NO inhalation significantly decreased arterial oxygenation. With respect to the surfactant system, NO inhalation worsened the surfactant adsorption rate to an air-liquid interface and affected levels of hydrophobic surfactant proteins (SPs), SP-B and SP-C, and phospholipids, which decreased in large surfactant aggregates but not in small surfactant aggregates. SP-A was reduced in large surfactant aggregates of transplanted lungs from both untreated and NO-treated groups. CONCLUSION: A decreased level of SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C in large surfactant aggregates of transplanted lungs treated with NO is a marker of lung injury. We conclude that treatment with inhaled NO after lung transplantation is deleterious for the surfactant system and causes a parallel worsening of arterial oxygenation.[1]


  1. Inhaled nitric oxide affects endogenous surfactant in experimental lung transplantation. Valiño, F., Casals, C., Guerrero, R., Alvarez, L., Santos, M., Sáenz, A., Varela, A., Claro, M.A., Tendillo, F., Castillo-Olivares, J.L. Transplantation (2004) [Pubmed]
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