The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Skeletal muscle mitochondrial protein metabolism and function in ageing and type 2 diabetes.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mitochondria are the site of oxidative substrate utilization to produce adenosine triphosphate for normal tissue function. Tissue substrate utilization is impaired in ageing and type 2 diabetes. Defects in mitochondrial gene expression, protein synthesis and function occur with ageing in various tissues including skeletal muscle, and are emerging in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The current review will discuss advances in the understanding of skeletal muscle mitochondrial alterations associated with age and type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Insulin acutely stimulates skeletal muscle mitochondrial protein synthesis and adenosine triphosphate production. These insulin effects are impaired in insulin-resistant patients with type 2 diabetes who also exhibit defective basal muscle mitochondrial function. The age-related reduction in mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate production has been confirmed in vivo in skeletal muscle in humans and rodents. SUMMARY: The emerging concept that insulin stimulates mitochondrial protein synthesis and function indicates potential novel molecular mechanisms of metabolic defects in type 2 diabetes, particularly in the post-prandial period characterized by acute increments of plasma insulin concentrations. The potential relationship between insulin resistance and basal post-absorptive muscle mitochondrial defects should be further investigated. As ageing is characterized by insulin resistance, the hypothesis that impaired insulin action could contribute to age-related muscle mitochondrial dysfunction, and metabolic alterations should be addressed.[1]


  1. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial protein metabolism and function in ageing and type 2 diabetes. Barazzoni, R. Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities