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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

hXRCC2 enhances ADP/ATP processing and strand exchange by hRAD51.

The assembly of bacterial RecA, and its human homolog hRAD51, into an operational ADP/ATP-regulated DNA-protein (nucleoprotein) filament is essential for homologous recombination repair (HRR). Yet hRAD51 lacks the coordinated ADP/ATP processing exhibited by RecA and is less efficient in HRR reactions in vitro. In this study, we demonstrate that hXRCC2, one of five other poorly understood non-redundant human mitotic RecA homologs (hRAD51B, hRAD51C, hRAD51D, hXRCC2, and hXRCC3), stimulates hRAD51 ATP processing. hXRCC2 also increases hRAD51-mediated DNA unwinding and strand exchange activities that are integral for HRR. Although there does not seem to be a long-lived interaction between hXRCC2 and hRAD51, we detail a strong adenosine nucleotide-regulated interaction between the hXRCC2-hRAD51D heterodimer and hRAD51. These observations begin to elucidate the separate and specialized functions of the human mitotic RecA homologs that enable an efficient nucleoprotein filament required for HRR.[1]


  1. hXRCC2 enhances ADP/ATP processing and strand exchange by hRAD51. Shim, K.S., Schmutte, C., Tombline, G., Heinen, C.D., Fishel, R. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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