The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) play a central role in the pathogenesis of digital clubbing.

Digital clubbing is associated with many unrelated serious diseases but its pathogenesis remains a clinical enigma. It has been hypothesized that platelet clusters impacting in the distal vasculature mediate the morphological changes of clubbing. Since the multifunctional cytokines vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are released on platelet aggregation and are hypoxically regulated, the present study has examined their role in clubbing using immunohistochemistry. Basic fibroblast growth factor ( bFGF), transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1), microvessel density, carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha, and HIF-2alpha were also measured. There was a significant increase in VEGF (p = 0.01), pKDR (p = 0.03), PDGF (p = 0.017), and HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha (p = 0.004 and p = 0.004, respectively) expression together with a significant increase in microvessel density (p = 0.03) in the stroma in clubbed digits compared with controls. There was no difference in CAIX (p = 0.25), TGF-beta1 (p = 0.66) or bFGF (p = 0.18) between affected and control groups. These findings suggest that VEGF and PDGF are released after platelet impaction and that their expression is hypoxically enhanced in the stroma after capillary occlusion. VEGF may synergize with PDGF in inducing the stromal and vascular changes present in digital clubbing.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities