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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gas-phase H/D exchange of sodiated glycine oligomers with ND3: exchange kinetics do not reflect parent ion structures.

H/D exchange is a method commonly used to probe molecular structure. The majority of studies in the gas phase have involved protonated molecular ions. The present study gives attention to molecular ions formed by coordination with a sodium ion. In particular, ND(3) is reacted with sodiated glycine oligomers, Gly(n)(), where n = 1-5, and the results are interpreted using density functional calculations. Experimentally, Gly(1)Na(+), Gly(4)Na(+), and Gly(5)Na(+) all undergo three fast exchanges with ND(3), while Gly(2)Na(+) and Gly(3)Na(+) undergo one fast and two slow exchanges with ND(3). The methyl esters Gly(3)OMeNa(+) and Gly(5)OMeNa(+) do not exchange with ND(3). In agreement with earlier experimental studies, theoretical calculations show that the lowest-energy conformers of the sodiated glycine oligomers are charge-solvated structures. Calculations further indicate that, in the process of H/D exchange with ND(3), sodiated monoglycine and tetraglycine adopt zwitterionic structures, sodiated diglycine adopts a salt-bridge form, and sodiated triglycine takes on an ion-stabilized ion pair form. Sodiated monoglycine and diglycine exchange via an onium-ion mechanism. The proposed exchange mechanisms require a carboxylic acid hydrogen to complete the exchange, which is in agreement with the experimental results showing that no exchange occurs with methyl ester glycine oligomers. These studies clearly demonstrate that, in the process of H/D exchange, noncovalent complexation of the exchange reagent provides the energy required to access intermediates structurally distinct from the parent ions. H/D exchange is facile for these intermediates. Contrary to the assumption often expressed in earlier studies, H/D exchange kinetics may not directly reflect ion structures.[1]


  1. Gas-phase H/D exchange of sodiated glycine oligomers with ND3: exchange kinetics do not reflect parent ion structures. Cox, H.A., Julian, R.R., Lee, S.W., Beauchamp, J.L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2004) [Pubmed]
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