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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential requirement for adapter proteins Src homology 2 domain-containing leukocyte phosphoprotein of 76 kDa and adhesion- and degranulation-promoting adapter protein in FcepsilonRI signaling and mast cell function.

The adapter molecule Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing leukocyte phosphoprotein of 76 kDa (SLP-76) is essential for FcepsilonRI-mediated signaling, degranulation and IL-6 production in mast cells. To test the structural requirements of SLP-76 in mast cell signaling and function, we have studied the functional responses of murine bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) expressing mutant forms of SLP-76. We found that the N-terminal tyrosines as well as the central proline-rich region of SLP-76 are required for participation of SLP-76 in FcepsilonRI-mediated signaling and function. The C-terminal SH2 domain of SLP-76 also contributes to optimal function of SLP-76 in mast cells. Another adapter molecule, adhesion- and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP), is known to bind the SH2 domain of SLP-76, and cell line studies have implicated ADAP in mast cell adhesion and FcepsilonRI-induced degranulation. Surprisingly, we found that mast cells lacking ADAP expression demonstrate no defects in FcepsilonRI-induced adhesion, granule release, or IL-6 production, and that ADAP-deficient mice produce a normal passive systemic anaphylactic response. Thus, failure to bind ADAP does not underlie the functional defects exhibited by SLP-76 SH2 domain mutant-expressing mast cells.[1]


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