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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Caveolae compartmentalization of heme oxygenase-1 in endothelial cells.

The heme oxygenase ( HO) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymes generate the gaseous signaling molecules carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide, respectively. Constitutive NOSs localize to caveolae, and their activities are modulated by caveolin-1. Nothing is known of the localization of the inducible heme oxygenase-1 ( HO-1) in plasma membrane caveolae. Thus, we examined the distribution and subcellular localization of HO-1, biliverdin reductase (BVR), and NADPH:cytochrome P450 reductase (NPR) in pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Each of these proteins localized in part to plasma membrane caveolae in endothelial cells. Inducers of HO-1 or overexpression of HO-1 increased the content of this protein in a detergent-resistant fraction containing caveolin-1. Inducible HO activity appeared in plasma membrane, cytosol, and isolated caveolae. In addition, caveolae contained endogenous BVR activity, supporting the same compartmentalization of both enzymes. Caveolin-1 physically interacted with HO-1, as shown by coimmunoprecipitation studies. HO activity dramatically increased in cells expressing caveolin-1 antisense transcripts, suggesting a negative regulatory role for caveolin-1. Conversely, caveolin-1 expression attenuated LPS-inducible HO activity. Since their initial characterization in 1969, HO enzymes have been described as endoplasmic reticulum-associated proteins. We demonstrate for the first time the localization of heme degradation enzymes to plasma membrane caveolae, and present novel evidence that caveolin-1 interacts with and modulates HO activity.[1]


  1. Caveolae compartmentalization of heme oxygenase-1 in endothelial cells. Kim, H.P., Wang, X., Galbiati, F., Ryter, S.W., Choi, A.M. FASEB J. (2004) [Pubmed]
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