The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Helicobacter pylori FlgR is an enhancer-independent activator of sigma54-RNA polymerase holoenzyme.

Helicobacter pylori FlgR activates transcription with sigma54-RNA polymerase holoenzyme (sigma54-holoenzyme) from at least five flagellar operons. Activators of sigma54-holoenzyme generally bind enhancer sequences located >70 bp upstream of the promoter and contact sigma54-holoenzyme bound at the promoter through DNA looping to activate transcription. H. pylori FlgR lacks the carboxy-terminal DNA-binding domain present in most sigma54-dependent activators. As little as 42 bp of DNA upstream of the flaB promoter and 26 bp of DNA sequence downstream of the transcriptional start site were sufficient for efficient FlgR-mediated expression from a flaB'-'xylE reporter gene in H. pylori, indicating that FlgR does not use an enhancer to activate transcription. Other examples of sigma54-dependent activators that lack a DNA-binding domain include Chlamydia trachomatis CtcC and activators from the other Chlamydia spp. whose genomes have been sequenced. FlgR from Helicobacter hepaticus and Campylobacter jejuni, which are closely related to H. pylori, appear to have carboxy-terminal DNA-binding domains, suggesting that the loss of the DNA-binding domain from H. pylori FlgR occurred after the divergence of these bacterial species. Removal of the amino-terminal regulatory domain of FlgR resulted in a constitutively active form of the protein that activated transcription from sigma54-dependent genes in Escherichia coli. The truncated FlgR protein also activated transcription with E. coli sigma54-holoenzyme in an in vitro transcription assay.[1]


  1. Helicobacter pylori FlgR is an enhancer-independent activator of sigma54-RNA polymerase holoenzyme. Brahmachary, P., Dashti, M.G., Olson, J.W., Hoover, T.R. J. Bacteriol. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities