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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reactive oxygen species induced by the deletion of peroxiredoxin II (PrxII) increases the number of thymocytes resulting in the enlargement of PrxII-null thymus.

In the thymus, CD4+ or CD8+ single-positive (SP) thymocytes develop and mature by positive and negative selection or undergo "death by neglect". CD4+ or CD8+ SP then circulate to other lymphoid tissues. We have investigated the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in thymocyte development using peroxiredoxin II (PrxII)-null mice. The level ofROS in PrxII-null thymocytes is higher than that in wild-type mice. Deletion of the PrxII gene leads to enlargement of the thymus in young (9 weeks) and old (64 weeks) mice. The increased number ofthymocytes in PrxII-null thymus is related to reduced hypodiploid cell formation. For mice on a normal diet, the ratio of SP to double-positive (DP) thymocytes in thymus of PrxII-null mice is lower than that in wild-type mice. After food restriction, which leads to increased ROS production, this ratio becomes much higher in PrxII-null thymus. The amount of apoptosis, induced by food restriction orby the injection of dexamethasone, is consistently lower in PrxII-null thymocytes than in wild-type thymocytes. In the presence of low serum concentrations, PrxII-deleted T cells proliferate more vigorously after stimulation with concanavalin A. Phytohemagglutinin- or OKT3-stimulated proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells is also higher in the presence of lower serum concentrations. Collectively, the results suggest for the first time that thymocyte maturations and proliferations are regulated by ROS levels induced by the deletion of PrxII gene in vivo.[1]


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