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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds from Pelargonium reniforme.

Flavonoids and hydrolyzable tannins isolated from Pelargonium reniforme were evaluated for their antioxidant ability using a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical generating system and a luminol-dependent chemiluminescence assay. In both assays, the polyphenols tested showed higher radical scavenging activities than the reference antioxidant, ascorbic acid (IC50 2.6-32.9 microM vs 40.9 microM in the DPPH test, and 2-25 times stronger effects in the chemiluminescence assay). A comparison of the flavonoids and the tannins showed that the latter have more potential than the former. Structural requirements for marked antioxidant activities of hydrolyzable tannins were the presence of galloyl and hexahydroxydiphenoyl groups, and apparently carbonyl (ester) functionalities in oxidatively modified dehydrohexa-hydroxydiphenoyl moieties. For flavonoids, it appeared that a catechol (3',4'-dihydroxy) element in the B-ring were important determinants and that O-glycosides were more effective than flavone-based C-glucosyls. Conspicuously, introduction of a galloyl group significantly enhanced their potentials. The demonstrated marked antioxidant effects of the polyphenols provide a clue for beneficial effects of P. reniforme in the treatment of liver disorders among several ethnic groups in areas of southern Africa.[1]


  1. Antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds from Pelargonium reniforme. Latté, K.P., Kolodziej, H. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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