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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The expression of B7-H1 on keratinocytes in chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease and its regulatory role.

PD-1 and its ligands, B7-H1/PD-L1 and B7-DC/PD-L2, have been identified recently as CD28-B7 family molecules that are implicated in immune regulation. Lichen planus (LP) is a T cell-mediated chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease. We investigated the expression and function of PD-1 and its two ligands in LP. Immunohistochemical examination revealed the abundant expression of PD-1 and B7-H1 in infiltrating T cells and macrophages, and lower-level expression of B7-DC on macrophages in the subepithelium. Interestingly, substantial expression of B7-H1 on keratinocytes (KCs) was found close to the numerous T cell infiltrates in the subepithelium. Unstimulated cultured KCs expressed both B7-H1 and B7-DC, and their expression was upregulated by proinflammatory cytokines, particularly IFN-gamma. The T-cell proliferative responses and IFN-gamma production that were induced by IFN-gamma-treated KCs were augmented preferentially by anti-B7-H1 mAb, but not by anti-B7-DC mAb. These results indicate the regulatory role of B7-H1 on KCs in the interactions with T cells. Our results suggest that the induction of B7-H1 on KCs may play an important role in tolerance induction in the inflamed oral mucosa and skin.[1]


  1. The expression of B7-H1 on keratinocytes in chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease and its regulatory role. Youngnak-Piboonratanakit, P., Tsushima, F., Otsuki, N., Igarashi, H., Machida, U., Iwai, H., Takahashi, Y., Omura, K., Yokozeki, H., Azuma, M. Immunol. Lett. (2004) [Pubmed]
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