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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selectivity, cooperativity, and reciprocity in the interactions between the delta-opioid receptor, its ligands, and G-proteins.

A better understanding of signal transduction mechanisms is of critical importance. Methodologies that allow studies to be done while receptors are incorporated into lipid bilayers are advantageous. One such technique is plasmon-waveguide resonance (PWR) spectroscopy, which can follow changes in conformation accompanying protein-ligand, protein-protein, and protein-lipid interactions occurring in G-protein-coupled receptors in real time with high sensitivity and without the need for molecular labeling. Here we investigated several aspects of human delta-opioid receptor (hDOR)-G-protein interactions: 1) the effect of different types of agonists on the interaction with individual G-protein subtypes; 2) the affinities of the separate G-protein alpha and betagamma subunits to different ligand-occupied states of the receptor; and 3) the effect of the presence of the G-protein on the interactions of the ligand with the receptor. To accomplish this we have incorporated the receptor into a solid supported lipid bilayer in the presence of ligand or G-protein and monitored the PWR spectral changes induced by the reciprocal G-protein or ligand interactions. We found a high degree of selectivity in the interactions of different agonist-bound states of the receptor with the different G-protein subtypes. This has important implications for agonist-directed trafficking and selective drug design. Studies with the separated alpha and betagamma subunits show that cooperativity exists in these interactions. The high affinities of the separated subunits to the receptor point to the possibility of independent promotion of specific signaling events. The presence of G-proteins increased the affinity of agonists to the hDOR, and caused faster binding kinetics and different ligand-induced conformational changes. Because ligand also influences G-protein binding, reciprocity exists between these two binding processes.[1]


  1. Selectivity, cooperativity, and reciprocity in the interactions between the delta-opioid receptor, its ligands, and G-proteins. Alves, I.D., Ciano, K.A., Boguslavski, V., Varga, E., Salamon, Z., Yamamura, H.I., Hruby, V.J., Tollin, G. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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