The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Starvation and feeding a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet regulate the expression sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 in chickens.

In mammalian liver, the mature form of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) is an important activator of a wide array of genes involved in triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Starvation and feeding a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet modulate the concentration of mature SREBP-1c primarily by a pretranslational mechanism. It is not known whether alterations in nutritional status regulate the concentration of SREBPs in nonmammalian species. In this study, we found that in previously starved chicks, feeding a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet stimulated a robust increase (14-fold at 5 h of feeding) in the concentration of mature SREBP-1 in liver. Feeding a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet also increased the concentration of precursor SREBP-1 and SREBP-1 messenger RNA in chick liver; however, the magnitude of this effect was substantially lower than that observed for mature SREBP-1. DNA binding experiments demonstrated that 3 protein complexes containing SREBP bound the acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha (ACCalpha) sterol regulatory element (SRE) in chick liver and that the binding activity of 2 of these complexes was increased by consumption of a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet. Additional analyses showed that feeding a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet had no effect on the concentration of mature SREBP-2 and the binding of SREBP-2 to the ACCalpha SRE in chick liver. These results indicate that alterations in the concentration of mature SREBP-1 play a role in mediating the effects of starvation and feeding a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on ACCalpha transcription in chick liver and that diet-induced changes in mature SREBP-1 concentration in chick liver are mediated primarily by a posttranslational mechanism.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities