The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytoplasmic localization of pregnane X receptor and ligand-dependent nuclear translocation in mouse liver.

The pregnane X receptor (PXR) plays an important role in the response to xenobiotics and endogenous toxins. We have used a specific anti-PXR antibody in the Western blotting of mouse liver nuclear extracts to show that PXR is accumulated in the nucleus after treatment with 5-pregnen-3beta-ol-20-one-16alpha-carbonitrile (PCN), followed by an increase in Cyp3a11 mRNA. Expression of wild type PXR and various mutants as green fluorescent fusion proteins in mouse livers showed that PXR was retained in the cytoplasm from where PCN treatment translocated PXR into the nucleus. Furthermore, the xenochemical response signal, the nuclear translocation signal, and the activation function 2 domain were all required for the nuclear translocation to occur. Immunoprecipitation experiments using the hsp90 antibody demonstrated the presence of PXR in a complex with the endogenous cytoplasmic constitutive active/androstane receptor retention protein (CCRP) in HepG2 cells. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer analysis of mouse liver sections after co-expression of cyan fluorescent protein-CCRP and yellow fluorescent protein-PXR also indicated that CCRP and PXR were closely associated in vivo. Overexpression of exogenous CCRP increased the cytoplasmic level of the PXR.CCRP.hsp90 complex, whereas a decrease in endogenous CCRP by treatment with small interfering RNA for CCRP repressed the PXR-mediated reporter activity in HepG2 cells. We conclude that the CCRP mediates the retention of PXR in the cytosol and modulates the activation of PXR in response to PCN treatment.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities