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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Triflupromazine: a microbicide non-antibiotic compound.

The antipsychotic phenothiazine triflupromazine, possessing a methyl-thio substituent at position 10 and a fluorine moiety at position 2, exhibited significant antibacterial activity against 279 strains of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the drug, according to the agar dilution method, was between 2 and 50 microg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus, and 5 and 100 microg/ml for shigellae and vibrios. Triflupromazine, when injected intraperitoneally into Swiss albino mice at a concentration of 30 microg/mouse (20 g), manifested a significant protection to the mice (p<0.001) when they were challenged with 50 median lethal dose (MLD) of Salmonella typhimurium NCTC 74. Moreover, there was a statistically significant reduction in the number of viable bacteria in organ homogenates and blood of mice treated with this phenothiazine compound.[1]


  1. Triflupromazine: a microbicide non-antibiotic compound. Dastidar, S.G., Debnath, S., Mazumdar, K., Ganguly, K., Chakrabarty, A.N. Acta microbiologica et immunologica Hungarica. (2004) [Pubmed]
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