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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Internalization of the human CRF receptor 1 is independent of classical phosphorylation sites and of beta-arrestin 1 recruitment.

The corticotropin releasing factor receptor 1 (CRFR1) belongs to the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors. Though CRF is involved in the aetiology of several stress-related disorders, including depression and anxiety, details of CRFR1 regulation such as internalization remain uncharacterized. In the present study, agonist-induced internalization of CRFR1 in HEK293 cells was visualized by confocal microscopy and quantified using the radioligand 125I-labelled sauvagine. Recruitment of beta-arrestin 1 in response to receptor activation was demonstrated by confocal microscopy. The extent of 125I-labelled sauvagine stimulated internalization was significantly impaired by sucrose, indicating the involvement of clathrin-coated pits. No effect on the extent of internalization was observed in the presence of the second messenger dependent kinase inhibitors H-89 and staurosporine, indicating that cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C are not prerequisites for CRFR1 internalization. Surprisingly, deletion of all putative phosphorylation sites in the C-terminal tail, as well as a cluster of putative phosphorylation sites in the third intracellular loop, did not affect receptor internalization. However, these mutations almost abolished the recruitment of beta-arrestin 1 following receptor activation. In conclusion, we demonstrate that CRFR1 internalization is independent of phosphorylation sites in the C-terminal tail and third intracellular loop, and the degree of beta-arrestin 1 recruitment.[1]


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