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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of lamin B and histones as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-regulated nuclear phosphoproteins in HL-60 cells.

1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3)-induced differentiation of HL-60 leukemia cells is accompanied by a number of cellular changes including regulation of oncogene expression and induction of terminal differentiation. We investigated the mechanism by which 1,25-(OH)2D3 induces these changes. We detected 10 nuclear phosphoproteins, designated p66, p45, p36, p33, p32, p27, p22, p19, p18 and p17, that show alterations in phosphorylation within 6-40 h of 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment. When phosphorylation reactions were performed with isolated nuclei (in vitro), three of these proteins were phosphorylated in a calcium and phospholipid dependent manner: p66, p36, and p19 P66 was phosphorylated in response to 1,25-(OH)2D3 and purified in a manner similar to that used for nuclear lamins. Western blot analysis of 2-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) gels confirmed its identity as lamin B. Phosphorylation of p17 and p18 decreased following 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment. We separated p17 and p18 by SDS-PAGE and obtained N-terminal amino acid sequence to identify these phosphorproteins as histones H2b and H3, respectively. P19 and p22 were both DNA-cellulose binding proteins whose phosphorylation was altered by 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment. Increased phosphorylation of p27 was detected using 2-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Phosphorylation of nuclear proteins in the intact cell (in vivo), revealed increases in p66, p45, p36, and p33 phosphorylation and a decrease in p17 phosphorylation following 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment. We detected an increase in phosphorylation of p32, which was extracted with salt from nuclei and migrated on SDS-PAGE similar to histone H1. Thus, we have identified 1,25-(OH)2D3-sensitive nuclear phosphoproteins, including lamin B and several histones. We have also detected and characterized several less abundant nuclear DNA binding phosphoproteins whose phosphorylation was affected by 1,25-(OH)2D3.[1]


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