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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of differentially expressed genes in human pineal parenchymal tumors by microarray analysis.

Human pineal parenchymal tumors (PPTs) are rare tumors, and little is known about their molecular pathogenesis. We used Atlas plastic human 8 K microarray analysis to identify the genes expressed in four human PPTs of different grades, in normal brain tissue and in a normal fetal pineal gland. We selected the most highly expressed genes in PPT (n=39) and compared their expression to that both in normal brain and fetal pineal gland. Nine genes were expressed more than twice as strongly and 3 at about half the level in PPT. Furthermore, real-time reverse transcription-PCR was performed to compare mRNA levels in the four PPTs, in four medulloblastomas (MBs) (the most common type of similar embryonal neoplasm in the cerebellum), and in normal brain, for 9 of the 39 genes. Among genes showing an expression similar to that obtained with microarray, puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase and teratocarcinoma-derived growth factor 3 were up-regulated in PPT and in MB, and adenomatous polyposis coli like was down-regulated only in PPT. Up-regulated expression of chromosome 17 open reading frame 1A was seen in high-grade PPT and in MB, but not in lower grade PPT. In conclusion, our results identified a number of genes that are differentially expressed in PPT and MB, and some of them may serve as prognostic markers and can be used to define mechanisms of tumorigenesis.[1]


  1. Identification of differentially expressed genes in human pineal parenchymal tumors by microarray analysis. Champier, J., Jouvet, A., Rey, C., Brun, V., Bernard, A., Fèvre-Montange, M. Acta Neuropathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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