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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The oncoprotein I-2PP2A/SET negatively regulates the MEK/ ERK pathway and cell proliferation.

I-2PP2A/SET, the translocation breakpoint-encoded protein expressed in acute undifferentiated leukemia, was identified as an inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). Induction of exogenous I-2PP2A/SET at a ratio of 1:1 to the endogenous protein resulted in suppression of cell proliferation. In contrast, siRNA-mediated depletion of I-2PP2A/SET resulted in enhanced cell proliferation. Depletion of I-2PP2A/SET was accompanied with a decrease in the number of cells in G1 and an increase in cells in S phase. To examine the mode of action by which I-2PP2A/SET suppresses cell proliferation, we determined the effect of over-expressed I-2PP2A/SET on ERK activation. I-2PP2A/SET suppressed activation of ERK following EGF stimulation but did not affect activation levels of stress kinases, JNK and p38. By contrast, knocking down I-2PP2A/SET by siRNA resulted in enhancement of ERK and MEK activations, suggesting that I-2PP2A/SET negatively regulates MEK/ ERK. These data suggest that I-2PP2A/SET negatively regulates cell growth by inhibiting the G1/S transition and inhibiting the MEK/ ERK pathway stimulated by external stimuli. These data demonstrate that I-2PP2A/SET potentially functions as a tumor suppressor.[1]


  1. The oncoprotein I-2PP2A/SET negatively regulates the MEK/ERK pathway and cell proliferation. Fukukawa, C., Shima, H., Tanuma, N., Okada, T., Kato, N., Adachi, Y., Kikuchi, K. Int. J. Oncol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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