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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP is a potent agonist for CGRP1 receptors in SK-N-MC cells.

The present study reveals that cystein2,7 ethyl-amidealphaCGRP (Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP), an advertised calcitonin gene-related peptide 2 (CGRP2) receptor subtype-selective agonist, is also a potent agonist for the calcitonin gene-related peptide 1 (CGRP1) receptors natively expressed in the SK-N-MC human neuroblastoma cell line. Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP and alpha calcitonin gene-related peptide (alphaCGRP) promote cyclic AMP accumulation in intact SK-N-MC cells to the same extent with EC50 of 1.6+/-0.2 and 0.4+/-0.08 nM, respectively. The antagonist alpha calcitonin gene-related peptide-8-37 (alphaCGRP-(8-37)) produces a concentration-dependent rightward shift of the alphaCGRP- and Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP concentration-response curves with KB-values (71+/-33 and 47+/-21 nM, respectively). The competitive antagonism by alphaCGRP-(8-37) and the similar KB-values suggests that alphaCGRP and Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP stimulate the same receptor. In competition binding studies with [125I]-alphaCGRP on SK-N-MC cell membranes, Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP and alphaCGRP-(8-37) display high affinity for the majority of the binding sites with Ki-values of 0.030+/-0.013 and 0.60+/-0.013 nM, respectively. The present findings are at odds with the proclaimed utilization of Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP as a CGRP2 receptor-selective pharmacological tool. Differences between the agonistic profile of this ligand in this and other experimental systems might be species--or even cell type--dependent.[1]


  1. Cys2,7EtalphaCGRP is a potent agonist for CGRP1 receptors in SK-N-MC cells. Nodin, C., Vauquelin, G., von Mentzer, B. Biochem. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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