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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stable production of hyaluronic acid in Streptococcus zooepidemicus chemostats operated at high dilution rate.

Hyaluronic acid is routinely produced through fermentation of both Group A and C streptococci. Despite significant production costs associated with short fermentations and removal of contaminating proteins released during entry into stationary phase, hyaluronic acid is typically produced in batch rather than continuous culture. The main reason is that hyaluronic acid synthesis has been found to be unstable in continuous culture except at very low dilution rates. Here, we investigated the mechanisms underlying this instability and developed a stable, high dilution rate (0.4 h-1) chemostat process for both chemically defined and complex media operating for more than 150 h of production. In chemically defined medium, the product yield was 25% higher in chemostat cultures than in conventional batch culture when arginine or glucose was the limiting substrate. In contrast, glutamine limitation resulted in higher ATP requirements and a yield similar to that observed in batch culture. In complex, glucose-limited medium, ATP requirements were greatly reduced but biomass synthesis was favored over hyaluronic acid and no improvement in hyaluronic acid yield was observed. The successful establishment of continuous culture at high dilution rate enables both commercial production at reduced cost and a more rational characterization and optimization of hyaluronic acid production in streptococci.[1]


  1. Stable production of hyaluronic acid in Streptococcus zooepidemicus chemostats operated at high dilution rate. Blank, L.M., McLaughlin, R.L., Nielsen, L.K. Biotechnol. Bioeng. (2005) [Pubmed]
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