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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased serum concentrations of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in COPD patients.

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 concentrations are increased in the sputum of asthma and chronic bronchitis patients, and are thought to be related to airflow obstruction. However, serum concentrations of these enzymes have not been clearly evaluated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to examine the serum concentrations of these enzymes in COPD and asthmatic patients in order to determine their relationship with airway obstruction. Serum samples were obtained from 72 patients with COPD: 66 control subjects and 26 patients with asthma. Smoking histories of control subjects were matched with those of COPD patients. Serum concentrations of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 were determined by ELISA. The circulating TIMP-1 concentration was significantly higher in stable COPD patients than in control and asthmatic subjects, and was significantly negatively correlated with forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity in COPD patients. The molar ratio between MMP-9 and TIMP-1 was significantly lower in COPD patients than in control subjects. In patients with COPD, the serum TIMP-1 concentration was significantly increased during disease exacerbation. In conclusion, the current findings suggest that serum tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 concentration can be used as a serum marker of airway obstruction and exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.[1]


  1. Increased serum concentrations of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in COPD patients. Higashimoto, Y., Yamagata, Y., Iwata, T., Okada, M., Ishiguchi, T., Sato, H., Masuda, M., Itoh, H. Eur. Respir. J. (2005) [Pubmed]
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