The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cholinergic agonist-induced pepsinogen secretion from murine gastric chief cells is mediated by M1 and M3 muscarinic receptors.

Muscarinic cholinergic mechanisms play a key role in stimulating gastric pepsinogen secretion. Studies using antagonists suggested that the M3 receptor subtype (M3R) plays a prominent role in mediating pepsinogen secretion, but in situ hybridization indicated expression of M1 receptor (M1R) in rat chief cells. We used mice that were deficient in either the M1 (M1R-/-) or M3 (M3R-/-) receptor or that lacked both receptors (M(1/3)R-/-) to determine the role of M1R and M3R in mediating cholinergic agonist-induced pepsinogen secretion. Pepsinogen secretion from murine gastric glands was determined by adapting methods used for rabbit and rat stomach. In wild-type (WT) mice, maximal concentrations of carbachol and CCK caused a 3.0- and 2.5-fold increase in pepsinogen secretion, respectively. Maximal carbachol-induced secretion from M1R-/- mouse gastric glands was decreased by 25%. In contrast, there was only a slight decrease in carbachol potency and no change in efficacy when comparing M3R-/- with WT glands. To explore the possibility that both M1R and M3R are involved in carbachol-mediated pepsinogen secretion, we examined secretion from glands prepared from M(1/3)R-/- double-knockout mice. Strikingly, carbachol-induced pepsinogen secretion was nearly abolished in glands from M(1/3)R-/- mice, whereas CCK-induced secretion was not altered. In situ hybridization for murine M1R and M3R mRNA in gastric mucosa from WT mice revealed abundant signals for both receptor subtypes in the cytoplasm of chief cells. These data clearly indicate that, in gastric chief cells, a mixture of M1 and M3 receptors mediates cholinergic stimulation of pepsinogen secretion and that no other muscarinic receptor subtypes are involved in this activity. The development of a murine secretory model facilitates use of transgenic mice to investigate the regulation of pepsinogen secretion.[1]


  1. Cholinergic agonist-induced pepsinogen secretion from murine gastric chief cells is mediated by M1 and M3 muscarinic receptors. Xie, G., Drachenberg, C., Yamada, M., Wess, J., Raufman, J.P. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities