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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Drug release characteristics of multi-reservoir type microspheres with poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) and poly(dl-lactide).

For the multi-reservoir type microspheres composed of poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and poly(dl-lactide) (PLA), the influence of the drug-holding layer and the non-drug-holding layer on drug release profiles was studied. The microspheres with the blend of PLGA and PLA were prepared by the W/O type emulsion-solvent evaporation technique, and cisplatin was used as a model drug. The degree of water uptake and the erosion of each polymer were evaluated to clarify the mechanism of drug release for multi-reservoir type microspheres. The blending of PLA and PLGA provided two types of microspheres in terms of the drug distribution in a microsphere, depending on the ratio of the blend: the microspheres with the drug-holding layer covered by the non-drug layer and the microspheres with the drug on the outer region. The drug release in the early period was governed by the pattern of drug distribution. The drug release rate at a steady state was governed by the erosion of the drug-holding layer. The results of present study indicate that drug release from multi-reservoir type microspheres involves the following process: (a) rapid release of the drug near the surface of microspheres, (b) formation of micropores in the non-drug-holding layer by hydration and erosion, (c) degradation of the drug-holding layer, and (d) diffusion of the drug through micropores.[1]


  1. Drug release characteristics of multi-reservoir type microspheres with poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) and poly(dl-lactide). Matsumoto, A., Matsukawa, Y., Suzuki, T., Yoshino, H. Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society. (2005) [Pubmed]
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