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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Substitution of lysine 213 with arginine in penicillin-binding protein 5 of Escherichia coli abolishes D-alanine carboxypeptidase activity without affecting penicillin binding.

All penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) contain a conserved box of homology in the carboxyl-terminal half of their primary sequence that can be Lys-Thr-Gly, Lys-Ser-Gly, or His-Thr-Gly. Site-saturation mutagenesis was used to address the role of the lysine residue at this position (Lys213) in Escherichia coli PBP 5, a D-alanine carboxypeptidase enzyme. A soluble form of PBP 5 was used to replace Lys213 with 18 other amino acids, and the ability of these mutant proteins to bind [3H]penicillin G was assessed. Only the substitution of lysine with arginine resulted in a protein that was capable of forming a stable covalent complex with antibiotic. The affinity of [14C]penicillin G for the arginine mutant was 1.2-fold higher than for wild-type PBP 5 (4.4 versus 5.1 micrograms/ml for 20 min at 30 degrees C), and both proteins showed identical rates of hydrolysis of the [14C]penicilloyl-bound complex (t1/2 = 9.1 min). Surprisingly, the arginine-substituted protein was unable to catalyze D-alanine carboxypeptidase activity in vitro, which suggests that there is a substantial difference in the geometries of the peptide substrate and penicillin G within the active site of PBP 5.[1]


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