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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Discriminating between serological responses to European-genotype live vaccine and European-genotype field strains of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) by peptide ELISA.

A peptide ELISA was developed based on an immunodominant and hypervariable epitope in the ORF4 envelope glycoprotein of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). The peptide sequence was derived from the Porcilis live-attenuated PRRSV vaccine strain (genotype 1, European). Antibodies induced by the field PRRSVs currently circulating in Poland were not detected by the Porcilis ORF4 peptide ELISA. In contrast, Porcilis-vaccinated animals seroconverted in the ORF4 peptide ELISA at 21 days post-vaccination. Maximal titers were seen 30-92 days post-vaccination; most sera had endpoint titers between 1:1000 and 1:100,000. In a paired format, where sera were assayed in two separate ELISAs using ORF4 peptides derived from the genetically very closely related Porcilis and Lelystad PRRSV strains, it was possible to differentiate between antibodies induced by these two viruses. The Porcilis and Lelystad ORF4 peptide ELISAs had sensitivities of 89 and 100%, respectively. Thus, ORF4 peptide ELISA afforded specific detection of antibodies induced by an European-genotype live-attenuated vaccine PRRSV strain (Porcilis). The results suggest that specific ORF4 peptide ELISAs can be custom-made for European-genotype PRRSV strains, using general peptide design criteria described in this work. Thus, ORF4 ELISAs may be generally useful, to monitor safety and operational aspects of European-genotype live-attenuated PRRSV vaccine virus use in populations with circulating field European-genotype PRRSVs.[1]


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