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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Downregulation of the angiogenesis inhibitor thrombospondin 1 in fibroblasts exposed to platelets and their related phospholipids.

Platelets play many important roles in maintenance and formation of blood vessels. The latter is usually attributed to release of direct acting proangiogenic influences, e.g., vascular endothelial growth factor, sphingosine 1 phosphate, and other mediators, though their effects are normally opposed by endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors, including thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1/THSP1). Hence downregulation of TSP-1 is regarded as an important step in the generation of the pro-angiogenic (tumor) stroma. Here we report that platelets induce marked downregulation of TSP-1 (gene transcription and protein) in mouse dermal fibroblasts. This effect is: (i) blocked by inhibitors of sphingosine kinase, (ii) unaffected by inhibitors of G(i)-proteins (pertussis toxin), (iii) recapitulated by sphingosine, (iv) can also be induced by lysophosphatidic acid. These observations suggest a hitherto unappreciated, indirect role of platelets and their phospholipids in angiogenesis, i.e., proangiogenic conditioning of connective tissue stroma through lowering TSP-1 expression.[1]


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