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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The P2X3 antagonist P1, P5-di[inosine-5'] pentaphosphate binds to the desensitized state of the receptor in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons.

P2X3 purinergic receptors are predominantly expressed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and play an important role in pain sensation. P2X3-specific antagonists are currently being sought to ameliorate pain in several indications. Understanding how antagonists interact with the P2X3 receptor can aid in the discovery and development of P2X3-specific antagonists. We studied the activity of the noncompetitive antagonist P1, P5-di[inosine-5'] pentaphosphate (IP5I) at the P2X3 receptor, compared with the well studied competitive antagonist TNP-ATP, using a whole-cell voltage-clamp technique in dissociated rat DRG neurons. IP5I blocked alphabeta-methylene ATP (alphabeta-meATP)-evoked P2X3 responses in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 = 0.6 +/- 0.1 microM). IP5I effectively inhibited P2X3 currents when pre-exposed to desensitized but not unbound receptors. Furthermore, IP5I equally blocked 1 and 10 microM alphabeta-meATP-evoked currents and had no effect on the desensitization rate constant of these currents. This supports the action of IP5I as a noncompetitive antagonist that interacts with the desensitized state of the P2X3 receptor. In contrast, TNP-ATP inhibited the current evoked by 1 microM alphabeta-meATP significantly more than the one evoked by 10 microM alphabeta-meATP. It also significantly slowed down the desensitization rate constant of the current. These results suggest that TNP-ATP acts as a competitive antagonist and competes with alphabeta-meATP at the P2X3 agonist binding site. These findings may help to explain why IP5I acts selectively at the fast-desensitizing P2X1 and P2X3 subtypes of the P2X purinoceptor, while having much less potency at slow-desensitizing P2X2 and P2X(2/3) subtypes that lack the fast desensitized conformational state.[1]


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