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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Inhibition of histone deacetylase 3 stimulates apoptosis induced by heat shock under acidic conditions in human maxillary cancer.

To elucidate the molecular mechanisms for the enhancement of heat-induced apoptosis on exposure to acidic conditions, human maxillary carcinoma IMC-3 cells were heat-shocked at 44 degrees C for 30 min at either pH 7.4 or 6. 7. Analyses with cDNA arrays, the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and Western blotting were performed. We found that histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) was specifically induced after hyperthermia at 44 degrees C for 30 min at pH 6. 7. Although the cytotoxicity of heating at 44 degrees C for 30 min was enhanced by decreasing the pH from 7.4 to 6.7, it was enhanced even more by antisense RNA oligonucleotides for HDAC3. The induction of G2/M arrest after heating occurred earlier at pH 6.7 than at pH 7. 4. The inhibition of HDAC3 by the antisense RNA oligonucleotides suppressed partially the induction of G2/M arrest, resulting in an enhancement of the apoptosis caused by the heating under acidic conditions. Antisense RNA oligonucleotides for HDAC3 enhanced apoptosis 48 h after hyperthermia at 43 degrees C for 30 min in vivo. Analyses of p65 activity suggested that NF-kappaB is involved in this enhancement of hyperthermia. HDAC3 may be a novel target enhancing hyperthermia and combined treatment with hyperthermia and HDAC inhibitors is a possible modality for cancer therapy.[1]

References

  1. Inhibition of histone deacetylase 3 stimulates apoptosis induced by heat shock under acidic conditions in human maxillary cancer. Narita, N., Fujieda, S., Tokuriki, M., Takahashi, N., Tsuzuki, H., Ohtsubo, T., Matsumoto, H. Oncogene (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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