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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Simultaneous multiple immunoassays in a compact disc-shaped microfluidic device based on centrifugal force.

BACKGROUND: We explored the potential of a microfluidic device based on centrifugal force as an immunoassay platform by examining the imprecision of assays carried out with 200 nL of sample. METHODS: Biotinylated antibodies against alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and carcinoembryonic antigen [( CEA); 0.1 g/L each in 15 mmol/L phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 0.1 mL/L Tween 20] were attached to a microcolumn packed with streptavidin-coated particles. A 200-nL sample was then allowed to pass through the microcolumn for 240 s, followed by Alexa 647-labeled detection antibody (7.5 mg/L in 15 mmol/L PBS containing 10 g/L bovine serum albumin). The flow rate was controlled by altering the rotational speed. Up to 104 sandwich type immunoassays were completed within 50 min. RESULTS: For AFP, IL-6, and CEA the detection limits were, respectively, 0.15, 1.25, and 1.31 pmol/L. Inter- and intraassay imprecisions (CVs) were <10% and <20%, respectively, for analyte concentrations >5 pmol/L. The CEA antibody had the lowest affinity according to fluorescence image analysis of the microcolumn region. The result was confirmed in a comparative study using BIAcore 3000. CONCLUSIONS: Day-to-day (total) imprecision (CV) of immunoassays on the compact disc-shaped device are <20%. Analysis of fluorescence images allows rapid ranking of antibodies according to their affinities.[1]


  1. Simultaneous multiple immunoassays in a compact disc-shaped microfluidic device based on centrifugal force. Honda, N., Lindberg, U., Andersson, P., Hoffmann, S., Takei, H. Clin. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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