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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

An epistatic effect of the female specific loci on the development of autoimmune vasculitis and antinuclear autoantibody in murine lupus.

OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic loci regulating the incidence and severity of renal autoimmune vasculitis developed in murine lupus. METHODS: Vasculitis of renal arteries was histopathologically evaluated in MRL/Mp-Fas(lpr) (MRL/ lpr), C57BL/6-Fas(lpr) (B6/ lpr), (MRL/ lpr x B6/ lpr) F1, and MRL/ lpr x (MRL/ lpr x B6/ lpr) F1 backcross mice. Using genomic DNA samples of the backcross mice, genome-wide scans, association studies, and linkage analyses were carried out based on genotypes of polymorphic microsatellite markers. Correlations of vasculitis grade and levels of various autoantibodies were also evaluated. RESULTS: Two recessive susceptibility loci of the MRL allele were identified on chromosomes 4 and 1, which had previously been defined as the autoimmune related loci termed Arvm1 and Sle-1/Nba2, respectively. The former was epistatic to the latter in a female specific manner. The titre of antinuclear autoantibody (ANA) in IgG class, but not ANA in IgM class or anti-dsDNA in either IgG or IgM class, correlated significantly with vasculitis grade. CONCLUSIONS: The present loci have been reported in previous studies using a different set of murine strains, suggesting that they are of importance in the development of autoimmune vasculitis in murine models. The concomitance of autoimmune vasculitis and IgG ANA suggests a shared genetic factor regulating these traits.[1]

References

  1. An epistatic effect of the female specific loci on the development of autoimmune vasculitis and antinuclear autoantibody in murine lupus. Zhang, M.C., Misu, N., Furukawa, H., Watanabe, Y., Terada, M., Komori, H., Miyazaki, T., Nose, M., Ono, M. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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