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Gene Review

Nba2  -  New Zealand Black autoimmunity 2

Mus musculus

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Disease relevance of Nba2

  • Together, these data provide new insight into the nature of one important genetic contribution to murine lupus and suggest that Nba2 may act as an immune response gene that influences Ag-driven B cell responses to self and possibly to exogenous Ags [1].
  • In the (B6.H2z x NZB)F1 x NZB backcross, MHC was an additional genetic contribution that interacted with Nba2 in the production of autoantibodies and the development of nephritis [1].
  • This locus, called Sgp3 (serum gp70 production 3), selectively regulated the production of serum gp70, thereby contributing to the formation of nephritogenic gp70 IC and glomerulonephritis, in combination with Nba2 and Nba5 in NZB mice [2].
  • C57BL/6 (B6) mice (H2b/b) congenic for NZB autoimmunity 2 (Nba2), a NZB-derived susceptibility locus on distal chromosome 1, produce autoantibodies to nuclear Ags, but do not develop kidney disease [3].
  • Increased expression of p202 protein (encoded by the Ifi202 gene) in splenocytes derived from B6.Nba2 mice (congenic for the Nba2 interval derived from the New Zealand Black mice) was correlated with defects in apoptosis of splenic B cells and increased susceptibility to develop systemic lupus erythematosus [4].

High impact information on Nba2

  • The Nba2 locus is a major genetic contribution to disease susceptibility in the (NZB x NZW)F(1) mouse model of systemic lupus [5].
  • A newly identified Aia3 (autoimmune anemia 3) locus present on NZB chromosome 7 selectively regulated Coombs antibody responses, while the second locus, directly overlapping with Nba2 (NZB autoimmunity 2) on chromosome 1, promoted the development of AHA, likely as part of its effect on overall production of lupus autoantibodies [6].
  • In addition, we identified an NZB-derived locus on chromosome 1 predisposing to the development of monocytosis, which peaked at Fcgr2b encoding FcgammaRIIB and directly overlapped with the previously identified NZB autoimmunity 2 (Nba2) locus [7].
  • These data suggest that the Nba2 locus may play a supplementary role in the pathogenesis of SLE by promoting the development of monocytosis and the activation of effector cells bearing stimulatory FcgammaR, in addition to its implication in the dysregulated activation of autoreactive B cells [7].
  • The chromosome 1 locus that overlapped with the previously identified Nba2 (NZB autoimmunity 2) locus regulated all three traits [2].

Biological context of Nba2

  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of altered class II major histocompatibility complex (MHCII) expression on circulating autoantibody levels in C57BL/6 (B6) mice congenic for the Sle1 (B6.Sle1 mice) or Nba2 (B6.Nba2 mice) regions [8].
  • Contributions to autoantibody production were also detected from an NZB locus on distal chromosome 1 (previously named Nba2) [9].
  • We show that increases in the proportion of B cells expressing costimulatory molecules, serum IgM levels, the number of IgM ELISpots, and IgG anti-single-stranded (ss) DNA antibody production, are significantly associated with a chromosomal region that overlaps with Nba2, a genetic locus previously linked to nephritis [10].
  • Generation of mice congenic for the Nba2 locus on the C57BL/6 genetic background, coupled with gene expression profiling, recently identified the interferon-activatable Ifi202 gene (encodes the protein p202) as a candidate lupus-susceptibility gene [11].
  • This locus, designated Nba2 for New Zealand Black autoimmunity 2, was found to colocalize in both (NZB x SM/J)F1 x NZW and (B6.H2z x NZB)F1 x NZB backcrosses, and was most likely situated between 92 and 97 cM from the centromere [1].

Other interactions of Nba2

  • IgG antinuclear autoantibody development was linked to H2 (Chr 17, LOD = 4.92 - 5.48), Swrl-1 (Chr 1, 86 cM, colocalizing with Sle1 and Nba2, LOD = 2.89 - 2.91), and Swrl-3 (Chr 18, 14 cM, LOD = 2.07 - 2.13) [12].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Nba2


  1. Control of multiple autoantibodies linked with a lupus nephritis susceptibility locus in New Zealand black mice. Vyse, T.J., Rozzo, S.J., Drake, C.G., Izui, S., Kotzin, B.L. J. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Differential role of three major New Zealand Black-derived loci linked with Yaa-induced murine lupus nephritis. Kikuchi, S., Fossati-Jimack, L., Moll, T., Amano, H., Amano, E., Ida, A., Ibnou-Zekri, N., Laporte, C., Santiago-Raber, M.L., Rozzo, S.J., Kotzin, B.L., Izui, S. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Effects of MHC and gender on lupus-like autoimmunity in Nba2 congenic mice. Gubbels, M.R., Jørgensen, T.N., Metzger, T.E., Menze, K., Steele, H., Flannery, S.A., Rozzo, S.J., Kotzin, B.L. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Increased Expression of Ifi202, an IFN-Activatable Gene, in B6.Nba2 Lupus Susceptible Mice Inhibits p53-Mediated Apoptosis. Xin, H., D'Souza, S., Jørgensen, T.N., Vaughan, A.T., Lengyel, P., Kotzin, B.L., Choubey, D. J. Immunol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Evidence for an interferon-inducible gene, Ifi202, in the susceptibility to systemic lupus. Rozzo, S.J., Allard, J.D., Choubey, D., Vyse, T.J., Izui, S., Peltz, G., Kotzin, B.L. Immunity (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Identification of 2 major loci linked to autoimmune hemolytic anemia in NZB mice. Kikuchi, S., Amano, H., Amano, E., Fossati-Jimack, L., Santiago-Raber, M.L., Moll, T., Ida, A., Kotzin, B.L., Izui, S. Blood (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Contribution of NZB autoimmunity 2 to Y-linked autoimmune acceleration-induced monocytosis in association with murine systemic lupus. Kikuchi, S., Santiago-Raber, M.L., Amano, H., Amano, E., Fossati-Jimack, L., Moll, T., Kotzin, B.L., Izui, S. J. Immunol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Dichotomous effects of complete versus partial class II major histocompatibility complex deficiency on circulating autoantibody levels in autoimmune-prone mice. Stohl, W., Xu, D., Metzger, T.E., Kim, K.S., Morel, L., Kotzin, B.L. Arthritis Rheum. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Contributions of Ea(z) and Eb(z) MHC genes to lupus susceptibility in New Zealand mice. Vyse, T.J., Rozzo, S.J., Drake, C.G., Appel, V.B., Lemeur, M., Izui, S., Palmer, E., Kotzin, B.L. J. Immunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. Genetic dissection of B cell traits in New Zealand black mice. The expanded population of B cells expressing up-regulated costimulatory molecules shows linkage to Nba2. Wither, J.E., Paterson, A.D., Vukusic, B. Eur. J. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Interferon-inducible p202 in the susceptibility to systemic lupus. Choubey, D., Kotzin, B.L. Front. Biosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Genetic contributions of nonautoimmune SWR mice toward lupus nephritis. Xie, S., Chang, S., Yang, P., Jacob, C., Kaliyaperumal, A., Datta, S.K., Mohan, C. J. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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