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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lysophosphatidic acid inhibits cholera toxin-induced secretory diarrhea through CFTR-dependent protein interactions.

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP- regulated chloride channel localized primarily at the apical or luminal surfaces of epithelial cells that line the airway, gut, and exocrine glands; it is well established that CFTR plays a pivotal role in cholera toxin (CTX)-induced secretory diarrhea. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a naturally occurring phospholipid present in blood and foods, has been reported to play a vital role in a variety of conditions involving gastrointestinal wound repair, apoptosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and diarrhea. Here we show, for the first time, that type 2 LPA receptors ( LPA2) are expressed at the apical surface of intestinal epithelial cells, where they form a macromolecular complex with Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor-2 and CFTR through a PSD95/Dlg/ZO-1-based interaction. LPA inhibited CFTR-dependent iodide efflux through LPA2-mediated Gi pathway, and LPA inhibited CFTR-mediated short-circuit currents in a compartmentalized fashion. CFTR-dependent intestinal fluid secretion induced by CTX in mice was reduced substantially by LPA administration; disruption of this complex using a cell-permeant LPA2-specific peptide reversed LPA2-mediated inhibition. Thus, LPA-rich foods may represent an alternative method of treating certain forms of diarrhea.[1]


  1. Lysophosphatidic acid inhibits cholera toxin-induced secretory diarrhea through CFTR-dependent protein interactions. Li, C., Dandridge, K.S., Di, A., Marrs, K.L., Harris, E.L., Roy, K., Jackson, J.S., Makarova, N.V., Fujiwara, Y., Farrar, P.L., Nelson, D.J., Tigyi, G.J., Naren, A.P. J. Exp. Med. (2005) [Pubmed]
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