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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Improved bioavailability of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY354740 using a prodrug strategy: in vivo pharmacology of LY544344.

Numerous studies have indicated that selective agonists of group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, such as LY354740 [(1S,2S,5R,6S)-2-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylate monohydrate] and LY379268 [(-)-2-oxa-4-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-4,6-dicarboxylate], may be useful in the treatment of many psychiatric disorders, including psychosis, anxiety, and drug withdrawal. Although animal and human studies demonstrate potential therapeutic utility, poor oral bioavailability is a limiting factor in the clinical development of these compounds. Therefore, a novel prodrug approach is being pursued to increase exposure levels of active compound after oral administration. Here, we demonstrate a 10-fold increase in brain, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid levels of LY354740 after oral prodrug administration. Furthermore, we compare the oral efficacy of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY354740 and its prodrug LY544344 [(1S,2S,5R,6S)-2-[(2'S)-(2'-amino)propionyl]aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid hydrochloride] in rodent models of psychosis and anxiety. Phencyclidine (PCP)-induced hyperlocomotion was dose dependently inhibited in rats receiving oral administration of 30 or 100 mg/kg LY544344, whereas LY354740 did not significantly reverse PCP-mediated behaviors at doses up to 100 mg/kg. Orally administered LY544344 (30 mg/kg) and subcutaneously administered LY354740 (10 mg/kg) attenuated stress-induced hyperthermia in DBA/2 mice, with the prodrug producing anxiolytic effects at lower oral doses than the parent compound. Although oral administration of LY354740 did not significantly affect fear-induced suppression of operant responding in rats, subcutaneously administered LY354740 (10 or 20 mg/kg) and orally administered LY544344 (10 or 30 mg/kg) produced significant anxiolytic effects in this model. The present data confirm that mGlu2/3 receptor agonists produce antipsychotic and anxiolytic effects in animal behavioral models and demonstrate that oral bioavailability of LY354740 was substantially increased using a prodrug strategy.[1]


  1. Improved bioavailability of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY354740 using a prodrug strategy: in vivo pharmacology of LY544344. Rorick-Kehn, L.M., Perkins, E.J., Knitowski, K.M., Hart, J.C., Johnson, B.G., Schoepp, D.D., McKinzie, D.L. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2006) [Pubmed]
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