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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Paradoxical exacerbation of combined hyperlipidemia in human apolipoprotein A-II transgenic mice treated with fenofibrate.

Apolipoprotein (apo) A-II has been biochemically and genetically linked to familial combined hyperlipidemia. Human ApoA-II transgenic mice and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha)-deficient mice share some similar phenotypic characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine whether a fibrate-induced PPARalpha activation corrects the combined hyperlipidemia present in human apoA-II transgenic mice. ApoA-II transgenic mice were treated with fenofibrate (250 mg/kg) for 13 days. After this period, they presented a remarkable 8-fold increase in plasma triglycerides. This was concomitant with a 4-fold increase in non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol, a quantitatively similar decrease in HDL cholesterol and a severe reduction in mouse plasma apoA-I and apoA-II. Fenofibrate stimulated liver fatty acid beta-oxidation, increased the transcriptional expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 and phospholipid transfer protein, and decreased expression of apoA-I and apoC-III. However, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-triglyceride production and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities and the expression of other PPARalpha target genes were similar in mice treated with vehicle and fenofibrate. Further, fenofibrate-treated mice presented decreased in vivo [3H]VLDL catabolism and decreased VLDL-triglyceride hydrolysis by exogenous LPL. Therefore, the paradoxical enhancement of hyperlipidemia in fenofibrate-treated apoA-II transgenic mice is mainly due to decreased VLDL catabolism and, also, to a partial impairment in PPARalpha-signaling.[1]


  1. Paradoxical exacerbation of combined hyperlipidemia in human apolipoprotein A-II transgenic mice treated with fenofibrate. Ribas, V., Palomer, X., Roglans, N., Rotllan, N., Fievet, C., Tailleux, A., Julve, J., Laguna, J.C., Blanco-Vaca, F., Escolà-Gil, J.C. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2005) [Pubmed]
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