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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Catalytically increased prebiotic peptide formation: ditryptophan, dilysine, and diserine.

"Mutual" amino acid catalysis of glycine on the formation of ditryptophan, dilysine, and diserine in the prebiotically relevant Salt-Induced Peptide Formation (SIPF) Reaction was investigated varying the starting concentration and chirality of the educt amino acid, and analyzing the increase of yield resulting from this catalytic effect. Our results show the possibility of an amplified diverse pool of peptides being available for chemical evolution of larger peptides and proteins using also these more complicated amino acids for the evolution of more complex functions in future biochemical cycles and thus for the emergence of life. Catalytic effects are especially high in the case of serine, the most basic amino acid of the three, but are also significant for the other two examples investigated in the present work. Besides that, especially for serine, but also in the case of tryptophan, differences in catalytic yield increase according to the chiral form of the amino acid used could be observed.[1]


  1. Catalytically increased prebiotic peptide formation: ditryptophan, dilysine, and diserine. Plankensteiner, K., Reiner, H., Rode, B.M. Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere : the journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life. (2005) [Pubmed]
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