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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Opposing actions of STAT-1 and STAT-3.

The signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are a family of transcription factors, which were originally identified on the basis of their ability to transduce a signal from a cellular receptor into the nucleus and modulate the transcription of specific genes. Interestingly, recent studies have demonstrated that STAT-1 plays a key role in promoting apoptosis in a variety of cell types, whereas STAT-3 has an anti-apoptotic effect. Moreover, whilst STAT-3 promotes cellular proliferation and is activated in a variety of tumour cells, STAT-1 appears to have an anti-proliferative effect. Although the initially characterised signal transduction events mediated by STAT-1 and STAT-3 involve the DNA binding and transcriptional activation domains of the factor, some of their other effects appear not to require DNA binding. Therefore, STAT-1 and STAT-3 can mediate the regulation of gene transcription both by direct DNA binding and via a co-activator mechanism and despite their very similar structures, have antagonistic effects on cellular proliferation and apoptosis.[1]


  1. Opposing actions of STAT-1 and STAT-3. Stephanou, A., Latchman, D.S. Growth Factors (2005) [Pubmed]
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