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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclin D2 dysregulation by chromosomal translocations to TCR loci in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias.

Strong expression of at least one of the three D-type cyclins is common in human cancers. While the cyclin D1 and D3 genes (CCND1 and CCND3) are recurrently involved in genomic rearrangements, especially in B-cell lymphoid neoplasias, no clear involvement of the cyclin D2 gene (CCND2) has been reported to date. Here, we identified chromosomal translocations targeting the CCND2 locus at 12p13, and the T-cell receptor beta (TCRB) or the TCRA/D loci in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs). Expression analysis demonstrated dramatic cyclin D2 overexpression in the translocated cases (n=3) compared to other T-ALLs (total, n=89). In order to evaluate dysregulation in T-ALL with respect to normal T-cell differentiation, we analyzed CCND2 expression in normal purified human thymic subpopulations. CCND2 levels were downregulated through progression from the early stages of human T-cell differentiation, further suggesting that the massive and sustained expression in the CCND2-rearranged T-ALL cases was oncogenic. Association with other oncogene expression (TAL1, HOXAs, or TLX3/HOX11L2), NOTCH1 activating mutations, and/or CDKN2A/p16/ARF deletion, showed that cyclin D2 dysregulation could contribute to multi-event oncogenesis in various T-ALL groups. This report is the first clear evidence of a direct involvement of cyclin D2 in human cancer due to recurrent somatic genetic alterations.[1]


  1. Cyclin D2 dysregulation by chromosomal translocations to TCR loci in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Clappier, E., Cuccuini, W., Cayuela, J.M., Vecchione, D., Baruchel, A., Dombret, H., Sigaux, F., Soulier, J. Leukemia (2006) [Pubmed]
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