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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prostaglandin but not cimetidine reduces spontaneous degeneration of isolated gastric gland cells.

We studied the effect of either placebo, 16,16-dimethyl-prostaglandin E2 (16,16-dimethyl-PGE2), or cimetidine on spontaneous degeneration of isolated rat gastric glands maintained in vitro in a basic oxygenated medium for 24 h. We assessed the viability of gland cells with fast green exclusion, measured release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) into the medium, and assessed the cell ultrastructure using a scanning electron microscope. Gastric glands incubated in medium for 6, 12, and 24 h underwent spontaneous degeneration reflected by a decrease in cell viability, increase in LDH release into the medium, and ultrastructural cell damage. 16,16-Dimethyl-PGE2 either at 0.1, 1, or 10 micrograms/ml significantly reduced the decrease in cell viability, increasing cell survival; reduced LDH release into the medium; and ultrastructural damage. Incubation with cimetidine at 1 or 10 micrograms/ml did not affect cell viability at 6, 12, or 24 h, whereas 100 micrograms/ml reduced cell viability (vs. placebo) at 12 and 24 h. LDH release and ultrastructural damage were not affected (not reduced) by cimetidine. Our study indicates that 16,16-dimethyl-PGE2, but not cimetidine, directly protects isolated gastric gland cells against degeneration in vitro, under conditions independent of systemic, neural, and hormonal factors.[1]


  1. Prostaglandin but not cimetidine reduces spontaneous degeneration of isolated gastric gland cells. Brzozowski, T., Tarnawski, A., Hollander, D., Stachura, J., Krause, W.J., Gergely, H. J. Clin. Gastroenterol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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