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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Combination bcl-2 antisense and radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer.

PURPOSE: A wide variety of tumors depend on the dysregulation of Bcl-2 family proteins for survival. The resulting apoptotic block can often provide a mechanism for resistance to anticancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation. This current study evaluates the efficacy of combining systemically delivered Bcl-2 phosphorothioate antisense (Bcl-2 ASO) and radiation for nasopharyngeal cancer therapy. RESULTS: Antisense uptake was unaffected by 0, 3, or 6 Gy radiation. Radiation decreased the fraction of viable C666-1 cells to 60%, with a further decrease to 40% in combination with Bcl-2 ASO. Despite a modest in vitro effect, Bcl-2 ASO alone caused the regression of established xenograft tumors in mice, extending survival by 15 days in a C666-1 and by 6 days in a C15 model. The survival times for mice treated with both Bcl-2 ASO and radiation increased by 52 days in C666-1 and by 20 days in C15 tumors. This combination resulted in a more-than-additive effect in C666-1 tumors. Less impressive gains observed in C15 tumors might be attributable to higher expression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins and limited drug distribution in the tumor. Retreatment of C666-1 tumors with the Bcl-2 ASO-radiation combination, however, was effective, resulting in mice surviving for >80 days relative to untreated controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the Bcl-2 ASO and radiation combination is a highly potent therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer. Further examination of combination therapy with radiation and other Bcl-2 family-targeted anticancer agents in both preclinical and clinical settings is definitely warranted.[1]


  1. Combination bcl-2 antisense and radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer. Yip, K.W., Mocanu, J.D., Au, P.Y., Sleep, G.T., Huang, D., Busson, P., Yeh, W.C., Gilbert, R., O'Sullivan, B., Gullane, P., Bastianutto, C., Liu, F.F. Clin. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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